Monday, November 30, 2020

Best Places to Visit in Istanbul, Turkey | Taksim Square, Sultanahmet Square, Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Golden Horn, Galata Tower, Grand Bazaar, Spice Bazaar


I just arrived in Istanbul. I am only here for a few days, but I am really excited to make the most of it. See as much as possible, eat as much as possible. So the first thing I need to do is exchange a little bit of money. I'm going to do that at the exchange place, and then exchange more once I get into the city for a better rate. I exchanged just enough money to cover my transportation costs to get into the city center. I have three different options to get there; I could take a taxi for about 55 Liras, or the Havataş service bus to Taksim, which would be 11 Lira, but I’m going to take the metro. 

Now, I am going to buy my Istanbul Card. It's very practical to have it in Istanbul. You can use it on ferries, trams, buses, metro buses, and funiculars. So, it's great to have, and I can also get one from the machine. It got my card in 10 lira. 6 Liras for the card and 4 as a credit to use it on the metro. Each ride costs about 2.5 Lira. If you're going to Sultanahmet, you need to change trains at Zeytinburnu station and take the T1 tram line. I got off the train at Yenikapı, the last station, and there are a few options from here. If you're going to Taksim, you can take the M2 Hacıosman line, or if you want to go to the Asian side of Istanbul, you can take the Marmaray, which actually goes underneath the Bosphorus. But I've arranged for my hotel to pick me up at Yenikapı, so I will going to exit the station. 

The next day I had breakfast and headed to Sultanahmet. To get there, I took a bus to Eminönü, followed by a tram. I paid for both the bus and the tram with my Istanbul Card. There are so many little cafes hidden everywhere. Sultanahmet Square is the place where most of the primary tourist attractions are located. Including the three I will visit today: Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, and Topkapı Palace. 

Sultanahmet Square - Blue Mosque

Sultanahmet Square takes its name from the exceptional six-minaret mosque, also known as Blue Mosque. From here, I will begin my visit today. It is free to visit and open until 5 pm in the evening for tourists. There is an entrance on the right side reserved for tourists where you can borrow a shawl to cover your hair or body as required. Next, I decided to visit Hagia Sophia. I had to buy tickets. I preferred to buy a Museum Pass for 85 TL, from the vending machine, because it provides five days of entry into many museums all over Istanbul, including Topkapi Palace which I knew I would visit next. 

Hagia Sophia

You save money if you're visiting several museums but even if you're not, you can at least save waiting time for many of these places. Hagia Sophia was first built in the 6th century as an imperial church for the Roman Empire then in the 15th century it became an imperial mosque for the Ottomans and finally in the last century, a museum opens for the public. So, do you get tired of coming to these places over and over again, or is it always exciting for you?

Topkapi Palace

The next destination is Topkapi Palace; it's just around the corner from Hagia Sophia. Topkapı Palace, the seat of Ottoman Sultans for four centuries, is unique in its layout as a group of small buildings positioned around courtyards. It doesn't take too long to visit them all. Outside of Topkapi Palace is an amazing view. The Bosphorus Bridge, One side Asia and the sea of Marmara over another side. It's a great place to take some photos and enjoy the view. 

Now, I am on to visit the Harem and it's included in my museum card. So, I don't need a separate ticket this time. Do you know how to get to the Harem? Welcome to Harem. "Çok Güzel!" as they say in Turkish. Harem was actually the living quarters of the palace, where women and children lived. Of the 400 rooms of Topkapi Harem, only a few are open to the public, but they are really worth visiting. So I'm done visiting Harem, it took about half an hour to 45 minutes, So, in total both places took maybe two and a half hours. I had lunch of famous traditional Turkish food. I had "köfte" and "piyaz". I strolled around the Sultanahmet area. Finally, I took the same way back to the hotel by tram. There I had a nice dinner with mezes and seafood. 

Now, I'm taking myself on a walking tour to explore the city, beginning with the Grand Bazaar and ending in Taksim Square, and I will pass Galata Tower along the way. So, I waited for the bus, going to take it to Eminönü, and then I will going to take a tramway to go visit Grand Bazaar.

Grand Bazaar - Spice Bazaar

I'm going to Grand Bazaar, and I'm going to get off at Beyazıt stop. Here, I am at the Grand Bazaar. So, I read that it has over 3,000 shops and is the largest covered market in Turkey and it dates back to the 15th century. It's got all kinds of different things, I am going to go browse for a few hours, maybe less and then I'll walk down to Eminönü, and pass some other shops along the way. Here are so many beautiful souvenirs lamps, scarves, jewelry... all kinds of new things. Grand Bazaar has one of the best places to exchange currency. 

I am done at Grand Bazaar, and I'm going to stroll down to Eminönü and check out the shops. The area around Grand Bazaar all the way down to Eminönü, is a vibrant market with many kinds of items you couldn't even imagine. While I was in Istanbul, I had to pick up some Turkish coffee, so I researched online and found the best place right here. It's a roasted house, smells amazing so I'm going to go pick up the bag.

I was walking down through the Grand Bazaar I got a little bit lost, but I came across the Spice Market which is also really cool, full of Turkish Delights, spices, dried teas, really cool things, so also fun. I crossed Galata Bridge, and now I want to go up to Istiklal street and Taksim. So I have two choices. I can either take the funicular, which is just over here or I can walk. And I think I'll walk because it's a nice day.

Galata Tower

Galata Tower is one of the landmarks of the city. I'm not going to climb up today because I want to get up to Taksim, so I'm just gonna take a selfie and keep on walking. The walk up to Istiklal street is actually quite interesting with many boutique shops and one-of-a-kind items. So I've made it to Istiklal Street, it goes up to Taksim. Istiklal Street, and the area around it, also known as Beyoğlu, is a popular city center and meeting place with thousands of shops, cafes, restaurants, and nightclubs.

I heard this place has good live music. I've ordered "kelle paça" soup, which is lamb soup and it's a good idea to add some vinegar and garlic. "Pide" is a traditional dish from the north of Turkey and I've ordered it with Trabzon Cheese, pastırma and sucuk. I had a drink and got an excellent view of the Golden Horn.

Golden Horn

Golden Horn is a good place to come, drink a "çay" at "Nevizade Street", and it is famous for its "meyhane", where you can meet your friends and have some "rakı" and mezes, it's very popular and I'm going to go walk down. I've made it to Taksim Square.

Taksim Square

Taksim Square is the most famous square in all of Istanbul, and it's also a connection point. From Taksim Square, you can take the metro, funicular or many buses all over the city, and so I will go to catch my bus back to the hotel. I had a nice long walk all the way up Istiklal Street and I'm ready to head back home. Well, I had a great few days in Istanbul; I saw some very interesting places tried delicious food.

Monday, November 16, 2020

Pakistan Museum of Natural History (Islamabad) Pictures and Information

 Pakistan Museum of Natural History:

There are greater or much less 50 museums in Pakistan. They are especially focused on history and civilization. Among them, there's really want for Natural and ancient museum. “Pakistan Museum of Natural History” fulfills that purpose.

A short records of PMNH:

Pakistan is wealthy in its biodiversity and minerals wealth. It has many nature reserves and sources. Federal Ministry of Science and Technology decked as much as maintaining and accumulate those stays for academic purposes. This effort, in 1976 resulted withinside the status quo of the Pakistan Museum of Natural History.


The museum is positioned beside Lok Virsa at lawn Avenue Shakarparian. You can discover it from the map below:

Departments of the Museum:

The museum is split into 4 departments:
  1. Botanical Sciences.
  2. Zoological Sciences.
  3. Archaeological Sciences.
  4. Public offerings and Information.
The first 3 departments carry out studies on plants, animals, and minerals. While the branch of public offerings and facts is engaged in public steerage and communication.

Objectives of the Museum:

This most effective vintage preserver museum of Pakistan objectives at:
  • Collecting uncommon species of plants, animals, and fossils and to maintain them for destiny reference.
  • The museum is focused in the direction of supplying studies foundations and centers for nearby and global researchers.
  • The government makes destiny plans for higher studies.
  • The museum offers higher sources and promotions to expand the hobby of studies amongst students.
  • The researchers on the museum write studies papers to offer higher expertise of herbal preservatives. 
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The Best Place to Buy same day essay Can Be Found Here

Saturday, August 15, 2020

The Hagia Sophia Old and New Everything from Istanbul, Turkey

The Church of the Holy wisdom it's known as the Hagia Sophia in Greek Sancta Sophia in Latin and Aya Sofya in Turkish, it's widely acknowledged as an architectural revolution this massive structure was the largest Cathedral the world had known for nearly a thousand years and is said to have changed the history of architecture the city from which the Hagia Sophia would eventually rise had been known as Byzantium legend has it that Constantine the first renamed the city new Rome but as citizens insisted on the name Constantinople in his honor Constantine the Great was the first emperor to declare himself a Christian and ruled the Empire from his namesake City.


The Hagia Sophia was built around five-30 AD by the great Byzantine Emperor Justinian the first the last Latin speaking monarch of the Roman Empire Constantinople had become the most important city in the Roman Empire at this time and the Basilica dominated the heart of the city the accomplished Roman general Belisarius was vital to the funding of the majestic church his campaigns over the Ostrogoths and vandals amassed much wealth for the empire this was the seed of the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople for centuries every Byzantine Emperor was crowned here it took over 10,000 men and just under six years to build the church an unbelievable accomplishment for its the time, when it was finished Justinian, is said to have exclaimed Solomon.

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History of Hagia Sophia After Becoming a Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey

I have outdone thee originally the surface of the interior was covered in gold mosaic treasures included the remains of two Saints the true cross the hammer nails of the passion swaddling clothes of Christ the table from the Last Supper and the chains of st. Peter remaining today are eight columns from the temple of the Sun in Rome and columns a green marble from the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus and almost 33 meters wide it had the most prodigious domed ceiling in the world combined with its height of 49 meters it would remain the largest Church on the globe for the next seven hundred years it was an outstanding example of Byzantine wealth and grandeur the original mosaics that adorn the interior were replaced when it was converted to a mosque in the 1400s the Byzantine mosaics are gradually being exposed but only those on the higher gallery levels missus Oh Muslims are not confronted with Christian imagery in the main chamber of the building which served as a mosque for nearly 500 years this mosaic from around the 10th century features the Virgin Mary with Constantine and Justinian on the right.

Constantine the Great is presenting a model of the city of Constantinople and to the left Emperor Justinian is presenting the Church of the Hagia Sophia here Christ is flanked by Constantine the 9th and Emperor Zoe both in ceremonial costumes, he is offering a donation to the church while she is holding a scroll with a record of her donations one of the best-known mosaics in the Hagia Sophia this is called a Babli mosaic it depicts a triumphant Christ on judgment day flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist this marble door led to the meeting chamber for ecclesiastical councils meetings of high clergy to decide on religious issues 14:53 would mark the end of the Byzantine Empire after a siege that lasted eight weeks the Sultan of the Ottoman Turks Mehmet ii had accomplished what no other invader could the great walls of the invincible city of Constantinople were breached bringing an end to an empire that had endured for more than 1100 years the city was renamed Istanbul and Mehmet the Conqueror declared himself the new Caesar of Rome the Ottomans converted the Hagia Sophia into a mosque.

The bells altar and other Christian vestiges were removed and many of the mosaics were plastered over Islamic features including four minarets were added the ground-level most of the decorations are Islamic this beautiful marble structure is an example of that the Mira a niche found in all mosques indicate the direction of Mecca to the left as the grand Sultan's Lodge built by two Swiss architects the Fossati brothers in the mid-1800s the facade II Brothers were commissioned to renovate the interior their work included the addition of these calligraphic rondelle's that remain today it remained a mosque until 1935 of all the buildings Justinian built during his 38 years as Roman Emperor none would be revered more than the Hagia Sophia it was the Church of all future Byzantine emperors for more than 900 years Hagia Sophia had been the most important building in the Eastern Christian world and the grandest church in all the world as the Sunset on the Byzantine Empire so did the Hagia Sophia fade into history you.

Friday, August 14, 2020

History of Hagia Sophia After Becoming Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey

Reopening of Hagia Sophia

This article is about the reopening of the Hagia Sofia so I wanted to write about this topic specifically because the Hagia Sofia is the museum/mosque not sure what I'm supposed to call it now it was a museum at the time so I’m just going to say museum it was a museum maybe I should say mosque it was a museum/mosque that I was standing next to when I heard the azan for the first time.
I was standing in between the Hagia Sofia and blue mosque when I heard the azan for the first time it's really special to me and I feel sad in connection to the place purely because of that experience standing next to it hearing the azan and going on this journey it's purely because of this personal connection that I feel like I have with the place is why I wanted to make the article so let me tell you a little bit of history about the place.

The hagia sofia was originally built as a church then it became a mosque then it became a museum then it became a mosque again so that area where the original church was built was already the home to a church in 360 CE there was a church that was built on that same plot but rioters come along and they destroyed it so the second church was built but same thing happened those little rioters come along and they burnt it down again then justinian just just seeing i don't know how you say it but he was some roman dude jossinian and roman emperor came along he built the structure in 537 CE just seven years it took him to build it which was incredibly quick in those days considering that Notre dame took a century to build it was originally built as a Greek orthodox cathedral but then for a brief moment in time it became a roman catholic church and then again it went back to being a Greek orthodox cathedral so it was called this name meaning holy wisdom it was kind of interesting to think about it because when i was standing next to the hagia sophia and i heard the azan for the first time.

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I just had a really big revelation anyway then came along sultan Muhammad ii he conquered Istanbul which then was called Constantine nova on the 29th of May 1453 CE now this is where history gets a little bit confusing some people say that the sultan brought the church with money and therefore it was a legitimate transaction obviously that when he conquered it was there was no payment transaction that took place it became his responsibility and his right to the place after he conquered it I’ve tried doing a lot of research into it a lot of places are saying that there was no transaction that was made a lot of places that are saying there was a transaction that was made without actually seeing proof that he didn't either or i don't actually know there's a transaction or not. 

There was a story that was told on a website that I was reading that said the first thing he did is he conquered the cities he went straight to the Hagia Sofia he took some soil from the ground and he poured it on his head as a sign of humility to Allah now I hope that story is true because it's just so beautiful to imagine this great sultan outside of this at that time church taking the soil putting on his head and just showing humility towards Allah mashallah it's amazing so he turned it into a mosque and he put a little crescent on years and years and years later in 1931 Kamel atartuk.

I hate these names and i feel like I’m saying them wrong but I’m giving it a go anyway kamel atartuk he turned the mosque into a museum so he found a modern Turkish state based on secularism and actually he closed the mosque in 1931 for four years then in 1934 it was turned into a museum so now back into modern day times here we are in 2020 the museum/mosque/ was a Christian church is now open for the first time in 86 years for Friday prayers i was looking at some articles it was kind of interesting because they covered up all the Christian artwork with uh cloths but the thing is with mosques they should be kept as mosques unless there's a dire need to change it a lot of the big Islamic scholars are saying there's a transaction that took place Greek orthodox cathedral was sold for gold to the sultan and he turned it into an amazing mosque alhamdulillah now if this is true then there isn't really any arguments to be made against the mosque because there are hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of mosques even in the UK there used to be churches that were sold to Muslims.

Now mosques there are plenty of transactions that take place of other faiths selling their religious places and turning them into mosques especially in European countries and no one's ever had a problem with this and then also there's the argument about in Spain during the crusade hundreds of mosques were destroyed or even converted into churches it's like if i had a car and then i sold you my car then that's not my car anymore that's your car i don't have any rights over that car obviously my opinion is going to be a little bit biased as i am a Muslim and that is the place i was standing when i received holy wisdom so there is a lot of bias in my opinion i could be very much wrong I’m open to hearing how i am wrong but i believe turning into a mosque is a great idea i think more benefit can come from a place of prayer and worship than a place of going and looking at artifacts or whatever was in there i don't know I’ve never been in there inshallah no more problems will be caused I know a lot of people are hating on the president right now for changing it into a mosque it's in a Muslim country we should be happy with what we got and what we got is actually something amazing and i cannot wait to visit.

Friday, February 14, 2020